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畜禽养殖机器人研究现状与展望

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DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1672-3872.2023.19.001

基金项目:江西省生猪产业技术体系(赣财文指[2021]51号)

作者:胡惠玥1,2杨小玲1,2刘仁鑫1,2夏宇雯1,2(1. 江西农业大学工学院,江西 南昌 330045;2. 江西省畜牧设施技术开发工程研究中心,江西 南昌 330045)

 

摘 要:畜禽养殖机器人是具有信息感知、信息传递、图像处理、自主导航、可重复编程等功能的自动化或半自动化设备。随着人工智能和机器人技术的迅速发展,畜禽养殖机器人不断优化升级,使畜禽养殖向着自动化、智能化、高效化、可持续化方向发展。课题组结合前人研究成果总结了国内外畜禽养殖机器人的研究和应用现状,主要有巡检机器人、清扫机器人、消毒机器人、饲喂机器人、分拣机器人等,在此基础上分析了现有畜禽养殖机器人的技术、功能特点及存在的问题,并对畜禽养殖机器人发展前景进行了展望,即多功能化、福利化、智能化、简约化。机器人的应用,不仅可以降低劳动强度、节约资源、提高效率,还可以减少疫病传播和动物应激反应,实现畜禽养殖智能化。机器人在畜禽养殖领域具有广阔的应用前景,本研究可为畜禽养殖智能化的进一步发展提供参考。

关键词:人工智能;机器人技术;畜禽养殖;智能化;发展前景

 

Research Status and Prospects of Livestock and Poultry Farming Robots

Author: Hu Huiyue1,2, Yang Xiaoling1,2, Liu Renxin1,2, Xia Yuwen1,2

(1.Jiangxi Agricultural University College of Engineering, Jiangxi Nanchang 330045; 2.Jiangxi Provincial Engineering Research Centre for the Development of Livestock Facilities Technology, Jiangxi Nanchang 330045)

 

Abstract: Livestock and poultry farming robots are automated or semi-automatic devices with functions such as information perception, information transmission, image processing, autonomous navigation, and repeatable programming. With the rapid development of artificial intelligence and robotics technology, livestock and poultry farming robots are continuously optimized and upgraded, leading to the development of automation, intelligence, efficiency, and sustainability in livestock and poultry farming. The research group summarized the research and application status of domestic and foreign livestock and poultry farming robots based on previous research results, mainly including inspection robots, cleaning robots, disinfection robots, feeding robots, sorting robots, etc. Based on this, the technology, functional characteristics, and existing problems of existing livestock and poultry farming robots were analyzed, and the development prospects of livestock and poultry farming robots were looked forward to, namely multifunctional, welfare, intelligent, and simplified. The application of robots can not only reduce labor intensity, save resources, and improve efficiency, but also reduce the spread of diseases and animal stress reactions, achieving intelligent livestock and poultry farming. Robots have broad application prospects in the field of livestock and poultry farming, and this study can provide reference for the further development of intelligent livestock and poultry farming.

Keywords: artificial intelligence; robotics technology; livestock and poultry farming; intelligence; development prospects

 

引文信息:[1]胡惠玥,杨小玲,刘仁鑫,等.畜禽养殖机器人研究现状与展望[J].南方农机,2023,54(19):1-6+10.

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