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基于自动控制的水陆两栖垃圾处理装置设计

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DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1672-3872.2023.19.036

基金项目:重庆移通学院高等教育教学改革研究项目“‘三全育人’理念下课程思政与工科专业课双融合的教学改革与实践研究—— 以自动控制原理为例(22JG310);重庆市教委科学技术研究计划项目基于Pseudo-LiDAR的3D目标检测深度估算系统 设计与应用(KJZD-K202202401)

作者:张清蓉,王国栋,陈龙灿(重庆移通学院,重庆 401520)

 

摘 要:【目的】近年来,人们对水体污染治理和水体垃圾清理的需求愈发迫切,为了弥补传统垃圾处理装置的相关缺陷与不足,进一步提高垃圾处理效率和产品质量。【方法】课题组以自动控制技术及机械设计原理为理论支撑,以UG为机械结构设 计软件,在Arduino微控制器编程环境中,利用自动控制技术、机器视觉技术以及机械设计原理,设计出了一款水陆两栖的自 动垃圾打捞处理装置。【结果】该装置在微控制器Arduino的控制下,能够完成电机、舵机、机械臂、电缸、摄像头、传感器等硬件的驱动,可以实现全自动化的控制过程和水陆两栖的垃圾自动清理过程。【结论】本设计将自动控制技术与机械设计制 造完美融合,装置功能全面,稳定性、快速性及准确性都符合预期,具有良好的实用价值和新颖性,能够在有效控制废料污染的同时进一步降低成本,提高环境保护效率。

关键词:自动控制技术;水陆两栖;机器视觉;机械设计

 

Design of Amphibious Waste Treatment Device Based on Automatic Control Technology

Author: Zhang Qingrong, Wang Guodong, Chen Longcan

(Chongqing Yitong University, Chongqing 401520)

 

Abstract: [Objective] In recent years, the demand for water pollution control and water waste cleaning has become increasingly urgent. In order to make up for the shortcomings and deficiencies of traditional waste treatment devices, and further improve waste treatment efficiency and product quality. [Method] The research team used automatic control technology and mechanical design principles as theoretical support, UG as mechanical structure design software, and in the Arduino microcontroller programming environment, using automatic control technology, machine vision technology, and mechanical design principles, designed an amphibious automatic garbage salvage and treatment device. [Result] Under the control of the microcontroller Arduino, the device can drive hardware such as motors, servo motors, robotic arms, electric cylinders, cameras, sensors, etc. It can achieve fully automated control processes and amphibious garbage cleaning processes. [Conclusion] This design perfectly integrates automatic control technology with mechanical design and manufacturing. The device has comprehensive functions, stability, speed, and accuracy that meet expectations, and has good practical value and novelty. It can effectively control waste pollution while further reducing costs and improving environmental protection efficiency.

Keywords: automatic control technology; amphibious; machine vision; machine design

 

引文信息:[1]张清蓉,王国栋,陈龙灿.基于自动控制的水陆两栖垃圾处理装置设计[J].南方农机,2023,54(19):136-139.

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