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物料视觉分拣系统的研究与开发

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DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1672-3872.2023.19.037

作者:宫丽华 (承德应用技术职业学院,河北 承德 067000)

 

摘 要:【目的】物料分拣是工农业生产不可或缺的环节,机械化分拣不仅能够节约成本、提高工作效率,而且能够提高分拣的准确率。【方法】笔者设计了一套简单、高效且低成本的自动分拣系统,分析了系统的硬件结构和软件结构。笔者选用西门子S7-1200PLC作为该物料视觉分拣系统的控制核心,综合运用视觉控制器、变频器、编码器、电磁阀组、传感器、高速计数器、三相异步电机、气缸等设备,以亚龙YL-36A自动化装置为控制对象,进行系统调试。【结果】该系统能够对物料颜色及形状进行识别,实现对不同颜色物料的自动分拣,并且可以通过人机界面进行实时参数监测、手动调试或自动运行。【结论】该物料视觉分拣系统运行稳定,有利于改变传统的生产模式,提高生产效率,节约生产成本,经济效益显著。因此,大规模的现代化自动化物料传送与分拣,符合时代的发展趋势,值得广泛推广。

关键词:分拣;PLC;变频器;高速计数器

 

Research and Development of Material Visual Sorting System

Author: Gong Lihua

(Chengde College of Applied Technology, Hebei Chengde 067000)

 

Abstract: [Objective] Material sorting is an indispensable link in industrial and agricultural production. Mechanized sorting can not only save costs, improve work efficiency, but also improve the accuracy of sorting. [Method] The author designed a simple, efficient and low-cost automatic sorting system, and analyzed the hardware and software structure of the system. The author selected Siemens S7-1200PLC as the control core of the material visual sorting system, comprehensively utilizing visual controllers, frequency converters, encoders, electromagnetic valve groups, sensors, high-speed counters, three-phase asynchronous motors, cylinders, and other equipment. The system was debugged using the Yalong YL-36A automation device as the control object. [Result] The system is able to recognize the color and shape of materials, realize the automatic sorting of different coloured materials, and can be used for real-time parameter monitoring, manual debugging or automatic operation through the human-machine interface. [Conclusion] The material visual sorting system runs stably, which is conducive to changing the traditional production mode, improving production efficiency, saving production costs, and achieving significant economic benefits. Therefore, large-scale modern automated material transfer and sorting, in line with the development trend of the times, is worthy of widespread promotion.

Keywords:  sorting; PLC; frequency converter; high-speed counter

 

引文信息:[1]宫丽华.物料视觉分拣系统的研究与开发[J].南方农机,2023,54(19):140-143+190.

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