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浅析土壤改良措施在高标准农田建设中的应用及效果

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DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1672-3872.2023.21.025

作者:李天和(安溪县土壤肥料技术推广站,福建 泉州 362400)

 

摘 要:为了解决施用过多化学物质后,土壤结构发生变化,有机质含量降低,土壤严重酸化、板结,粮食产量不断下降的问题。笔者以福建省安溪县丘陵山地为例,就增施有机肥和绿肥在高标准农田建设中的应用及效果进行简要分析。分别阐述了增施有机肥和绿肥种植的技术要点,然后根据当地实践情况,总结了此类土壤改良措施的应用效果,如有效提高土壤肥力、改善耕地生态环境、减少化肥用量等。分析了当前技术应用的瓶颈,提出了开展土壤现状调查、加强过程监测、坚持科学种植和耕作等注意事项。在具体实践中,要因地制宜地综合考虑农作物不同生长时期对土壤养分等因素的需求,制定合理、科学的土壤改良方案。对施用的肥料、农药等要做进一步的监控,保证投入品质量,为土壤改良技术的推广应用提供科学依据,助力高标准农田建设。

关键词:土壤改良措施;高标准农田建设;应用及效果

 

Application and Effect of the Soil Improvement Measures in the Construction of High Standard Farmland

Li Tianhe (Anxi County Soil and Fertilizer Technology Promotion Station, Fujian Quanzhou 362400)

 

Abstract: In order to solve the problem of changes in soil structure, decrease in organic matter content, severe acidification and hardening of the soil, and continuous decline in grain yield after excessive application of chemical substances. The author takes the hilly and mountainous areas of Anxi County, Fujian Province as an example to briefly analyze the application and effectiveness of adding organic and green fertilizers in the construction of high standard farmland. The technical points of increasing organic fertilizer and green fertilizer planting were elaborated separately. Then, based on local practice, the application effects of such soil improvement measures were summarized, such as effectively improving soil fertility, improving the ecological environment of farmland, and reducing fertilizer usage. Analyzed the bottlenecks in the current application of technology, and proposed precautions such as conducting soil investigation, strengthening process monitoring, and adhering to scientific planting and cultivation. In specific practice, it is necessary to comprehensively consider the needs of different growth stages of crops for soil nutrients and other factors according to local conditions, and develop reasonable and scientific soil improvement plans. Further monitoring of applied fertilizers, pesticides, etc. is necessary to ensure the quality of inputs, provide scientific basis for the promotion and application of soil improvement technologies, and assist in the construction of high standard farmland.

Keywords: soil improvement measures; construction of high standard farmland; application and effect

 

引文信息:[1]李天和.浅析土壤改良措施在高标准农田建设中的应用及效果[J].南方农机,2023,54(21):91-93.

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