作者：陈武强1，田波1，滕召友1，伍艳1，范清瑶2，夏卫生2（1. 长沙巨鼎工程技术有限公司，湖南 长沙 410081；2. 湖南师范大学地理科学学院，湖南 长沙 410081）
摘 要：随着新一代信息技术的不断成熟以及我国对于农业重视程度的不断提高，丘陵山区智慧农业市场呈现出需求大、热度持续走高的特点。其中，植保无人机在智慧农业市场中占据了较大份额，但其发展还存在许多阻碍。为了探明植保无人机的发展方向，扫清智慧农业发展道路上的阻碍，课题组从植保无人机、智慧农业的发展现状出发，分析了现阶段的市场现状和政策现状，提出当前植保无人机存在推广难度大、缺少系统监管、设备技术有待完善等问题。基于现存问题，对植保无人机助推丘陵山区智慧农业发展的路径进行了整合讨论，得出以下路径：构建符合山区实际情况的特色植保无人机监管模式、 发展山区植保无人机信息化管理系统、确定山区植保无人机科技创新方向。对于增强山区智慧农业发展内生动力，奠定山区 智慧农业及乡村振兴发展基础具有一定参考价值。
Path Analysis of Plant Protection Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Boosting the Development of Smart Agriculture in Mountain Areas
Chen Wuqiang1, Tian Bo1, Teng Zhaoyou1, Wu Yan1, Fan Qingyao2, Xia Weisheng2
(1.Changsha Juding Engineering Technology Co., Ltd., Hunan Changsha 410081; 2.School of Geographical Sciences of Hunan Normal University, Hunan Changsha 410081)
Abstract: With the continuous maturity of the new generation of information technology and the increasing emphasis on agriculture in China, the smart agriculture market in hilly and mountainous areas has shown characteristics of high demand and continuous increase in popularity. Among them, plant protection drones have a significant share in the smart agriculture market, but there are still many obstacles to their development. In order to explore the development direction of plant protection drones and clear the obstacles on the development path of smart agriculture, the research group analyzed the current market and policy situation of plant protection drones and smart agriculture based on their current development status. It pointed out that there are problems such as difficulty in promoting plant protection drones, lack of systematic supervision, and equipment and technology that need to be improved. Based on existing problems, an integrated discussion was conducted on the path of plant protection drones promoting the development of smart agriculture in hilly and mountainous areas, and the following paths were obtained: building a characteristic plant protection drone supervision mode that is in line with the actual situation in mountainous areas, developing an information management system for plant protection drones in mountainous areas, and determining the direction of technological innovation for plant protection drones in mountainous areas. It has certain reference value for enhancing the endogenous driving force of smart agriculture development in mountainous areas and laying the foundation for the development of smart agriculture and rural revitalization in mountainous areas.
Keywords: plant protection UAV; hills and mountains; intelligent agriculture