作者：耿宵慧（国网枣阳市供电公司，湖北 襄阳 441200）
摘 要：【目的】在保证电力系统安全运行的前提下，将光伏、风能、生物质能、可再生能源与传统发电方式有效结合，使农场科学地改变用电行为和用电方式。【方法】基于此，笔者提出了一种智能农场与智能电网的集成方案，概述了智能农场的概念与功能特点、智能电网的构成，并基于二者的作用原理构建了智能农场与智能电网的集成模型。【结果】该模型利用了智能农 场精准测量的特点，使得农场侧可以参与到电网的需求侧管理当中；利用智能农场对农作物废弃物发电能力和成本的评估，可以实现农场侧和电网侧电能的双向流动。【结论】智能农场所代表的信息化、数字化农业是未来农业发展的必然方向。但仍应关注数据恢复和采集技术、数据的实时处理技术、通信安全、无人机技术研发等方面的风险和挑战，进一步提高农场经营效益，促进现代农业的可持续发展。
Application Analysis of Smart Grid Technology in Smart Farm
Geng Xiaohui (State Grid Zaoyang Power Supply Company, Hubei Xiangyang 441200)
Abstract: [Objective] On the premise of ensuring the safe operation of the power system, effectively combining photovoltaic, wind energy, biomass energy, renewable energy with traditional power generation methods, so that farms can scientifically change their electricity consumption behavior and methods. [Method] Based on this, the author proposes an integration scheme between smart farms and smart grids, outlines the concept and functional characteristics of smart farms, the composition of smart grids, and constructs an integration model between smart farms and smart grids based on the principles of their functions. [Result] The model utilizes the precise measurement characteristics of intelligent farms, allowing the farm side to participate in demand side management of the power grid; by utilizing intelligent farms to evaluate the power generation capacity and cost of crop waste, it is possible to achieve bidirectional flow of electricity between the farm side and the power grid side. [Conclusion] The information and digital agriculture represented by intelligent farms is an inevitable direction for future agricultural development. However, attention should still be paid to the risks and challenges of data recovery and collection technology, real-time data processing technology, communication security, and drone technology research and development, in order to further improve the efficiency of farm management and promote the sustainable development of modern agriculture.
Keywords: smart farm; smart grid technology; distributed generation