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谷物产量监测系统研究现状分析

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DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1672-3872.2023.23.004

基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFD0701301-03);黑龙江八一农垦大学校级课题杂粮生产加工特色学科项目(ZLTSXK2020-5)

作者:田原,王熙(黑龙江八一农垦大学,黑龙江 大庆 163319)

 

摘 要:【目的】针对目前田间产量测量方法单一且误差较大的情况,研发一种可在收获机上安装的产量监测传感器来获取产量信息,更加方便快捷地了解农作物的产量以及每个地块的收获情况。【方法】课题组归纳总结了近年来国内外不同种类的产量监测系统和谷物产量监测技术,并分别举例分析了它们的优点及存在的问题。【结果】产量监测系统的可行性、稳定性、准确度是该系统能否正常进行作业的标准。国外部分发达国家对于在联合收割机上安装产量监测系统的研究时间较长,相关技术已经逐步成熟。但已经商品化的产量监测系统仍然存在误差较大、空间分辨率较低、系统通用性较弱、价格高等问题。而国内智能化农业机械研究与推广刚刚起步,由于种种原因,相关技术还不够成熟,大多正处在试验研究初级阶段,不具备商品化能力。【结论】应进一步拓展对精细农业技术的相关研究,将成果从实验室带到田间地头,实现农业现代化发展。

关键词:产量监测;精准农业;谷物;联合收割机

 

Analysis of the Current Research Status of Grain Yield Monitoring Systems

Tian Yuan, Wang Xi (Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural Reclamation University, Heilongjiang Daqing 163319)

 

Abstract: [Objective] In response to the current situation of single field yield measurement methods and significant errors, a yield monitoring sensor that can be installed on harvesters is developed to obtain yield information, making it more convenient and efficient to understand the yield of crops and the harvest situation of each plot. [Method] The research group summarized and summarized different types of yield monitoring systems and grain yield monitoring technologies both domestically and internationally in recent years, and analyzed their advantages and existing problems with examples. [Result] With the deepening understanding of the current research status of grain yield monitoring technology, the feasibility, stability, and accuracy of the yield monitoring system are the standards for whether the system can operate normally. Some developed countries abroad have been studying the installation of yield monitoring systems on combine harvesters for a long time, and related technologies have gradually matured. However, the commercialized yield monitoring system still has problems such as large errors, low spatial resolution, weak system universality, and high prices. However, the research and promotion of intelligent agricultural machinery in China has just started, and due to various reasons, the relevant technologies are not yet mature enough. Most of them are in the early stage of experimental research and do not have the ability to be commercialized. [Conclusion] Further research on precision agriculture technology should be expanded, bringing the results from the laboratory to the field to achieve modern agricultural development.

Keywords: yield monitoring; precision agriculture; cereal; combine-harvester

 

引文信息:[1]田原,王熙.谷物产量监测系统研究现状分析[J].南方农机,2023,54(23):11-13.

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