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智慧农业中节水灌溉技术应用——以河南省为例

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DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1672-3872.2024.02.027

作  者:宋亚蒙 (河南财经政法大学,河南 郑州 450016)

 

摘 要:河南省作为农业强国的核心构成单元,其农业可持续发展面对的主要障碍是水资源短缺的问题,因此推广节水灌溉技术将有效提高粮食的供给保障能力,保障国家粮食安全。笔者以农业大省河南省为例,探讨其智慧农业进程中节水灌溉技术在推广过程中存在的问题及路径选择。通过对2018—2023年河南省委一号文件中有关节水灌溉的政策的梳理与分析,指出河南省在节水灌溉推广过程中存在政策公众参与度偏低、灌溉设备投入不足以及专业人员岗位配置失衡的问题。未来农业的发展方向势必以农业变革为主导,由过度依赖人工向“以机器为主的智能化”转变,在此机遇下研究节水灌溉技术的推广具有理论与实践的双重价值,河南省应健全政策传导机制、加大财政扶持力度、强化人才选培,“三管齐下”破解节水灌溉技术推广的现实阻碍。

关键词:智慧农业;节水灌溉;节水灌溉技术推广

 

Abstract: As the core unit of agricultural power, Henan Province faces the shortage of water resources as the main obstacle to its agricultural sustainable development. Therefore, promoting water-saving irrigation technology will effectively improve the ability of food supply and guarantee the national food security. Taking Henan Province, a major agricultural province, as an example, this paper discussed the problems and path selection in the promotion of water-saving irrigation technology in the process of smart agriculture. Through sorting out and analyzing the water-saving irrigation policies in the “No. 1 Document of Henan Provincial Party Committee” from 2018 to 2023, it was pointed out that there were some problems in the promotion process of water-saving irrigation in Henan Province, such as low public participation, insufficient investment in irrigation equipment and imbalance of professional position allocation. The future direction of agricultural development is bound to be dominated by agricultural reform, from excessive reliance on manual to “machine-oriented intelligent” transformation. Under this opportunity, the research on the promotion of water-saving irrigation technology has both theoretical and practical value. Henan Province should improve the policy transmission mechanism, increase financial support, strengthen the talent selection and training, “three-pronged approach” to crack the practical obstacles to the promotion of water-saving irrigation technology.

Keywords: intelligent agriculture; water-saving irrigation; popularization of water-saving irrigation technology

 

引文信息:[1]宋亚蒙.智慧农业中节水灌溉技术应用——以河南省为例[J].南方农机,2024,55(2):94-97. 

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