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“三教”改革背景下高职“汽车机械基础”教学改革研究

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DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1672-3872.2024.03.044

基金项目:江苏省青蓝工程优秀骨干教师资助项目研究成果(2021);江苏财经职业技术学院教改课题“‘三教’改革背景下高职‘汽车机械基础’教学改革研究”(2023JGKT001)

作  者:赵林林 ,武 涛 ,林 伟 (江苏财经职业技术学院,江苏 淮安 223003)

 

摘 要:【目的】提高“汽车机械基础”课程教学效果,培养学生的工程实践能力和职业素养。【方法】针对“汽车机械基础”课程存在涵盖知识面广,知识点零散;课程教学目标与企业对接不够深入,学生对新技术、新方法、新思路掌握不足;教学过程中的学生兴趣不是很高,课堂参与率低,学生解决问题的能力欠缺等问题,课题组开展“三教”改革背景下高职“汽车机械基础”课程教学改革。课程教学改革可以从三方面着手,即以学生为中心,以学习成果为导向,从教师、教材、教法三方面,依靠“学习通”平台,精准完成学情分析;改革教学模式、教学内容、教学方法、教学评价;开展第一课堂教学实施。【结果】通过改革,学生主体地位得到贯彻,学生积极性不断提高,课堂参与度将持续上升;学生的创造性得到尊重,能够提高机械设计能力、创新设计能力;学生的主体性得到强化,团队协作精神、工匠精神等获得了训练和提高。【结论】高职“汽车机械基础”教学改革模式对其他课程改革,有着十分可行的可复制性和广泛的应用前景。

关键词:“三教”改革;高职院校;“汽车机械基础”

 

Research on Teaching Reform of “Automotive Machinery Fundamentals” in Higher Vocational Education under the Background of the “Three Education” Reform

Zhao Linlin, Wu Tao, Lin Wei

(Jiangsu Vocational and Technical College of Finance & Economics, Jiangsu Huai’an 223003)

 

Abstract: [Objective] To improve the teaching effectiveness of the course “Automotive Machinery Fundamentals” and cultivate students’ engineering practical abilities and professional qualities. [Method] In response to the wide coverage of knowledge and scattered knowledge points in the course of “Automotive Machinery Fundamentals”; the integration of course teaching objectives with enterprises is not deep enough, and students have insufficient mastery of new technologies, methods, and ideas; in the teaching process, there are problems such as low student interest, low classroom participation rate, and lack of problem-solving ability. The research group has carried out teaching reform of the “Automotive Mechanical Fundamentals” course in vocational colleges under the background of the “Three Education” reform. Curriculum and teaching reform can be approached from three aspects: student-centered, learning outcomes oriented, and relying on the “Learning Platform” to accurately analyze learning situations from the perspectives of teachers, textbooks, and teaching methods; reforming the teaching mode, teaching content, teaching methods, and teaching evaluation; carrying out the implementation of first classroom teaching. [Result] Through reform, the status of students as the main body has been implemented, their enthusiasm has been continuously improved, and classroom participation will continue to increase; respecting the creativity of students can enhance their mechanical design and innovative design abilities; the subjectivity of students has been strengthened, and the spirit of teamwork and craftsmanship has been trained and improved. [Conclusion] The teaching reform model of “Automotive Machinery Fundamentals” in vocational colleges has a very feasible replicability and broad application prospects for other course reforms.

Keywords: “Three Education” reform; vocational colleges; “Automotive Machinery Fundamentals”

 

引文信息:[1]冉一茜,张熙.基于农机自动化技术的农作物病虫害防控策略研究[J].南方农机,2024,55(3):168-171. 

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