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一种适用于湿地地形的植树机器人设计

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DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1672-3872.2024.09.005

基金项目:大学生创新创业训练计划项目集合SSD-PRM算法与新能源的湿地植被修复机器人设计(202310566010);广东海洋大学机器人实验室创新团队(CCTD201811)

作  者:胡俊泽 1,2 ,余 江 1,2 ,陈柯良 1,2 ,罗世维 2,3 ,李雨婷 2,4

(1. 广东海洋大学机械工程学院,广东 湛江 524088;2. 广东海洋大学机器人实验室创新团队,广东 湛江 524088; 3. 广东海洋大学电子与信息工程学院,广东 湛江 524088;4. 广东海洋大学管理学院,广东 湛江 524088)

 

摘 要:湿地生态修复作为环境保护领域的重大议题,亟待创新技术的支持。为了满足生态保护需求,创新设计了一种适用于湿地地形的植树机器人。该机器人将机械构造与电控技术相结合,通过优化结构设计,实现了红树林种植的高效自动化。具体而言,机械部分采用履带底盘以适应湿地的复杂地形,配备的钻孔、导苗、覆土等机构协同工作,确保了机器人在湿地中的稳定运作能力与高效的植被修复能力。电控部分则采用嵌入式系统控制机器人的各部件运动,并通过服务器端对环境数据进行统计和分析,实现人机交互功能。与传统的植树机器人相比,这种新型机器人设计更符合湿地地形的工作需求,其快速回土能力也显著提高了树苗的成活率。此外,该机器人的设计还考虑到了对不同尺寸树苗的适应性,使其应用范围更加广泛。为湿地生态修复工程提供了一种具有前瞻性的技术支持和解决方案,有望为生态环境带来积极的影响。

关键词:红树林;植树机器人;湿地修复;林业;履带底盘;机电一体化设计

 

Design of a Tree Planting Robot Suitable for Wetland Terrain

Hu Junze1,2, Yu Jiang1,2, Chen Keliang1,2, Luo Shiwei2,3, Li Yuting2,4

(1.School of Mechanical Engineering, Guangdong Ocean University, Guangdong Zhanjiang 524088; 2.Robotics Laboratory Innovation Team in Guangdong Ocean University, Guangdong Zhanjiang 524088; 3.School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Guangdong Ocean University, Guangdong Zhanjiang 524088; 4.School of Management, Guangdong Ocean University, Guangdong Zhanjiang 524088)

 

Abstract: Wetland ecological restoration, as a major issue in the field of environmental protection, urgently requires the support of innovative technologies. In order to meet the needs of ecological protection, an innovative tree planting robot suitable for wetland terrain has been designed. This robot combines mechanical construction with electrical control technology and achieves efficient automation of mangrove planting through optimized structural design. Specifically, the mechanical part adopts a tracked chassis to adapt to the complex terrain of wetlands, and is equipped with mechanisms such as drilling, guiding seedlings, and covering soil to work together, ensuring the stable operation ability and efficient vegetation restoration ability of the robot in wetlands. The electronic control part adopts an embedded system to control the movement of various components of the robot, and through the server end, it statistics and analyzes environmental data to achieve human-machine interaction function. Compared with traditional tree planting robots, this new type of robot design is more in line with the work requirements of wetland terrain, and its fast soil returning ability significantly improves the survival rate of tree seedlings. In addition, the design of the robot also takes into account its adaptability to different sizes of saplings, making its application range more extensive. This provides a forward-looking technical support and solution for wetland ecological restoration projects, which is expected to have a positive impact on the ecological environment.

Keywords: mangroves; tree-planting robot; wetland restoration; forestry; tracked chassis; mechatronic integrated design

 

引文信息:[1]胡俊泽,余江,陈柯良,等.一种适用于湿地地形的植树机器人设计[J].南方农机,2024,55(9):14-17.

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